African Pygmy Hedgehog
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African pygmy hedgehogs, also called four-toed hedgehogs, are common natives of many African countries. These small mammals are nocturnal and energetic. When threatened, this hedgehog curls into a tight ball and contracts its muscles to make the sharp quills stand erect. Unlike porcupines, African pygmy hedgehogs do not release their quills the way porcupines do, but they will attempt to stab the harasser.
Virtually all domesticated hedgehogs are captive-bred and descended from the African pygmy hedgehog or a close relative such as the white-bellied hedgehog or North African hedgehog. Hedgehogs are bred for specific color morphs and temperament. In captivity, they typically live four to six years, weigh 6 to 20 ounces, and reach 12 inches in length.